Aviation is the art or practice of aeronautics. Historically aviation meant
only heavier-than-air flight, but nowadays it includes flying in balloons and airships.
Types of military aviation
- Fighter aircraft’s primary function is to destroy other aircraft.
(e.g. Sopwith Camel, A6M Zero, F-15, MiG-29, Su-27, and F-22).
- Ground attack aircraft are used against tactical earth-bound targets.
(e.g. Junkers Stuka, A-10, Il-2, J-22 Orao, AH-64 and Su-25).
- Bombers are generally used against more strategic targets,
such as factories and oil fields. (e.g. Zeppelin, Tu-95, Mirage IV, and B-52).
- Transport aircraft are used to transport hardware and personnel.
(e.g. C-17 Globemaster III, C-130 Hercules and Mil Mi-26).
- Surveillance and reconnaissance aircraft obtain information about
enemy forces. (e.g. Rumpler Taube, Mosquito, U-2, OH-58 and MiG-25R).
- Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are used primarily as reconnaissance
fixed-wing aircraft, though many also carry payloads. Cargo aircraft are
in development. (e.g. RQ-7B Shadow, MQ-8 Fire Scout, and MQ-1C Gray Eagle).
- Missiles deliver warheads, normally explosives, but also things like leaflets